“Three out of every five children losses their life due to hunger in India. On the other hand, three out of five children are suffering from Binge Eating in the U.S.A.”
Food Insecurity is defined as the separation of food intake or eating models due to a lack of money and other resources. In 2014, 17.4 million households were food insecure at some time during the year. Food Insecurity does not significantly cause hunger; However, hunger is a reasonable result of Food Insecurity.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) classifies food insecurity into the following 2 sections:
Low food security: Records of variety, reduced quality, or desirability of diet. Slight or no indication of reduced food intake.
Shallow food security: Reports of multiple indications of disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake.
Cause Of Food Insecurity
Unemployment can negatively influence a household’s food security status. Upraised unemployment rates among low-income populations make it more difficult to meet basic household food needs. Besides, children with unemployed parents have higher rates of food insecurity than children with employed parents.
Food Insecurity may be a long-term issue whereas, it might be affected by disability to pay, including income, employment, and race/ethnicity. In 2016, household income dropped by 31.6%; Where the Food Insecurity, related to the national average of 12.3%.
Phylogenetic and ethnic differences exist related to food insecurity. In 2016, black non-Hispanic families were nearly 2 times more likely to be Food Insecure than the state average that is 22.5 percent Vs. 12.3 percent, respectively. Among Hispanic households, the ubiquity of food insecurity was 18.5 percent compared to the U.S.A’s average of 12.3%.
Disabled grown-ups may be at a higher risk for food insecurity due to inadequate employment opportunities and healthcare-related expenses that reduce the income available to buy food. Community conditions may affect natural access to food; For example, people dwelling in urban areas, low-income, and rural areas.
In the United States of America, the community may have limited access to full-service supermarkets or market stores. Predominantly black and Hispanic communities have several full-service supermarkets than mostly white and non-Hispanic neighborhoods. Service stores and miniature independent stores are more common in food deserts.
Effects Of Food Insecurity
Adults who face Food Insecurity have a high risk for various contrary health issues. For example, a study discovered that Food-Insecure adults have a high risk to suffer from obesity. Another study observed higher rates of recurrent disease in low-income, Food-Insecure adults between the ages of eighteen to sixty-two.
Food-Insecure adolescents have a high risk for a variety of negative health outcomes, including obesity. They also face a higher risk of developmental problems than food-secure children. Besides, reduced frequency, quality, variety, and quantity of consumed foods may negatively affect children’s mental health.
India On Food Insecurity
India is home to a fraction of all underfed people worldwide, making the country a fundamental locus for tackling hunger globally. In the last two decades, per capita income increased. Yet the merest dietary intake fell. The gap between the wealthy and the poor increased during this period of high economic growth.
WFP has been working in partnership with the Indian Government, including work transitioning from food rationing to technical support since the country achieved self-sufficiency in cereal stock. With the Indian Government now producing its own food distribution systems. WPF’s work focuses on supporting these systems’ strengthening to ensure they become more efficient and reach the people who need them most.